Thermodynamics (Ideal and Real Gases)

Choose the Correct Answer :
1. (a) A perfect gas does not obey the law pv = RT
(b) A perfect gas obeys the law pv = RT and has constant specific heat
(c) A perfect gas obeys the law pv = RT but have variable specific heat capacities.

2. Boyle’s law states that, when temperature is constant, the volume of a given mass of a perfect gas
(a) varies directly as the absolute pressure
(b) varies inversely as the absolute pressure
(c) varies as square of the absolute pressure
(d) does not vary with the absolute pressure.

3. Charle’s law states that if any gas is heated at constant pressure, its volume
(a) changes directly as it absolute temperature
(b) changes inversely as its absolute temperature
(c) changes as square of the absolute temperature
(d) does not change with absolute temperature.

4. The equation of the state per kg of a perfect gas is given by
(a) p2v = RT
(b) pv = RT
(c) pv2 = RT
(d) p2v2 = RT.
where p, v, R and T are the pressure, volume, characteristic gas constant and temperature of the gas respectively.

5. The equation of state of an ideal gas is a relationship between the variables :
(a) pressure and volume
(b) pressure and temperature
(c) pressure, volume and temperature
(d) none of the above.

6. Joule’s law states that the specific internal energy of a gas depends only on
(a) the pressure of the gas
(b) the volume of the gas
(c) the temperature of the gas
(d) none of the above.

7. Equation for specific heat at constant pressure of an ideal gas is given by
(a) cp = a + KT + K1T2 + K2T3
(b) cp = a + KT2 + K1T3 + K2T4
(c) cp = a + KT2 + K1T4 + K2T
(d) cp = a + KT2 + K1T3 + K2T2.
where a, K, K1 and K2 are constants.

Answers
1. (b) 2. (b) 3. (a) 4. (b) 5. (c) 6. (c) 7. (a)

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