Reading Techniques

Here are two specific methods to trigger challenges that may help AMIE aspirants get the most out of
their reading.

SQ3R: The Survey, Question, Read, Rehearse, and Review Strategy

One structured approach to reading for deep processing is SQ3R (Robinson, 1970).

Here are the steps:

  • Before you read, survey the section to get a general idea of what information you
  • will encounter.
  • Next, formulate a question to keep in mind as you read. Your text may already include learning
  • objectives or preview questions that help with this step.
  • Now you are ready to read, but you should read with your question in mind, actively
  • considering what the answer might be. Take notes, putting things in your own words as much
  • as you can.
  • After you have finished reading a section, take time to rehearse: put the text material in your
  • own words, then ask yourself the question again (but no peeking at the text or your notes until
  • you have answered!).
  • The last step is to review what you have learned, paying special attention to the notes in
  • your own words.

3R: The Read-Recite-Review Strategy

The 3R approach (McDaniel, Howard, & Einstein, 2009) is another method to encourage deep
processing while reading. You can use this technique repeatedly with your texts or your notes.

  • Read a brief section or passage.
  • Close your book or cover the text, then recite in your own words anything you can remember
  • about what you have just read.
  • Open the book and review the passage to check yourself.
(Ref: A Practical Guide to Study Skills by Amy Himsel and El Camino College)


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